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Robert Kroetsch (1927-       )

Robert Kroetsch was born and raised in Heisler, Alberta. He received his B.A. from the University of Alberta in 1948. Until 1953 he worked variously as a labourer on the river boats in the Yukon and the Northwest Territories and as a civilian information officer for the U.S. Air Force in Labrador. He studied at McGill University with Hugh MacLennan in 1954 and completed his M.A. at Middlebury College, Vermont in 1956. His Ph.D. in writing was acquired at the University of Iowa's Writer's Workshop in 1961. While teaching in the U.S. at the State University of New York at Binghamton, he was instrumental in the founding and editing of the important literary periodical Boundary 2: A journal of post-modern literature. He subsequently taught writing and literature at the Universities of Calgary and Manitoba. He currently resides in Victoria, B.C. While known more widely as a novelist of western Canadian identity in such books as But we are exiles (1965), The words of my roaring (1966), The studhorse man (1969/Governor General's Award) and Gone Indian (1973), Kroetsch turned his attention to poetry in the 1970s with the publication of The stone hammer poems (1975) which was followed by The ledger (1975), Seed catalogue (1977), The sad Phoenician (1979), The crow journals (1980) Letters to Salonika (1983) Advice to my friends (1985), Excerpts from the real world (1986), Completed field notes (1989), The lovely treachery of words (1989), Revisions of letters already sent (1993) and A likely story: the writing life (1995). Other novels include Badlands (1975) and Alibi (1983). More recently Kroetsch has published The hornbooks of Rita K (2002).